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This article is in list format, but may read better as prose. You can help by converting this article, if appropriate. The Last Judgement by Viktor Vasnetsov. Day, Light, and Good are often linked together, in opposition to night, darkness, and evil. These contrasting metaphors may go back as far as human history, and appear in many cultures, including both the ancient Chinese and the ancient Persians.
The philosophy of neoplatonism is strongly imbued with the metaphor of goodness as light. The Genesis creation narrative has God “separate light from darkness” on the First Day. Painters such as Rembrandt portrayed divine light illuminating an otherwise dark world. War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness, part of the Dead Sea Scrolls. White often represents purity or innocence in Western culture, particularly as white clothing or objects can be stained easily. In most Western countries white is the color worn by brides at weddings. Angels are typically depicted as clothed in white robes.
Melodrama villains are dressed in black and heroines in white dresses. This can be reversed as a deliberate play on conventions, by having the evil character dress in white, as a symbol of their hypocrisy or arrogance. For example, Don Fanucci in The Godfather, Part II is an evil character, but wears an expensive all-white suit as a sign of his esteem, power and prestige. In computer security, a black hat is an attacker with evil intentions, while a white hat bears no such ill will. This is derived from the Western movie convention. Healing or “good” paranormal magic is called White magic. Black magic is a destructive or evil form of magic.
Evil witches are stereotypically dressed in black and good fairies in white. In works of fantasy fiction, the main antagonist is often called a “Dark Lord”, for example Sauron in The Lord of the Rings. George Orwell makes a bitterly ironic use of the “light and darkness” topos in his Nineteen Eighty Four. Black and white thinking” is the false dichotomy of assuming anything not good is evil and vice versa. The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge. A Treatise on White Magic New York: 1934 Lucis Publishing Co.