Click to view the published version. The method was developed in the late 1940s by Willard Libby, who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in 1960. 5,730 years, the oldest dates that can be reliably measured by this process date to around 50,000 years ago, although special preparation methods occasionally permit bp dating site analysis of older samples. The resulting data, in the form of a calibration curve, is now used to convert a given measurement of radiocarbon in a sample into an estimate of the sample’s calendar age.
Additional complications come from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, and from the above-ground nuclear tests done in the 1950s and 1960s. 1965 of almost twice what it had been before the testing began. The development of radiocarbon dating has had a profound impact on archaeology. In 1939, Martin Kamen and Samuel Ruben of the Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley began experiments to determine if any of the elements common in organic matter had isotopes with half-lives long enough to be of value in biomedical research. This was followed by a prediction by Serge A. At some time during World War II, Willard Libby, who was then at Berkeley, learned of Korff’s research and conceived the idea that it might be possible to use radiocarbon for dating.